Certain populations have severe difficulty developing and utilizing some basic visual abilities and some populations have lost the abilities that they once utilized successfully. Examples of those that have difficulty developing visual capacities include those with some forms of autism, Down’s Syndrome, neurological disorders and neuromuscular disorders. Most often these are children who have difficulty early on performing the following activities:

  • maintaining eye contact
  • attending to visual materials
  • executing actions requiring eye-hand coordination (grasping, catching)
  • developing movement sequentially (rolling over, sitting up, crawling, walking, climbing up and down stairs, running, hopping, skipping)
  • executing actions that require eye-body coordination (walking without bumping into walls or objects)
  • those with Autism, Asperger’s, Down’s Syndrome

Examples of those that lost previous abilities include victims of traumatic brain injuries, people with head-injuries (concussions) and strokes, individuals with some drug addictions and in some cases the elderly. Most often these are adults who exhibit difficulty performing the following:

  • organizing themselves for problem-solving
  • maintaining binocular fusion
  • concentrating on near-centered activities
  • coping with a loss within their visual field
  • coping with reduced movement capacity, including walking
  • maintaining the ability to drive safely
  • tracking words and keeping one’s place while reading
  • remembering that which they have recently seen

Patients who have lost or not developed normal vision capacities often require intensive, one-on-one therapy sessions with a need for specific equipment and knowledge and thus qualify for specialized vision therapy services.


Dr. Taylor and Associates serves Ellicott City, Columbia, Laurel, Elkridge, Eldersburg, Baltimore, Catonsville, Randallstown, Olney, Maple Lawn, Dayton and surrounding communities. Call 410-730-8878 to schedule an appointment.